Cancer cervix consider one of the most cancers affecting females after breast cancer. It commonly occurs in sexually active females, especially if they started their sexual activity early , as with more sexual activity ,there will be more risk for exposure to the human papilloma virus which consider one of the strong causes for cervical cancer.
Causes of cervical cancer
What causes cervical cancer ? it is the question now any female asked ,the simple answer for it , is that up to now there is no specific cause for cervical cancer and all what articles written included mine , are only risk factors .
Risk factors for cancer cervix are , Human papiloma virus , which consider the most important risk for next developing cancer cervix another virus also can cause cancer cervix is herps simplex virus type two , the most common match between both , that they are sexually transmitted diseases . Early sexual intercourse , multiple sexual partners and multiparty also consider risk factors , finally low immunity as in patients with diseases causes lowering to immunity as diabetes, and who are going under steroid therapy also are at risk ,smoking and low socio-economic status consider also risk factors.
Age of the patient is also important as cancer cervix commonly occur in females with age ranging 45 – 55 years old , and it commonly occur in dark races , as authors consider in that races their is more females with low social and economic status , and that predispose to early marriage between them , frequent courses , lack of hygiene and finally multiparty.
HPV and cervical cancer
HPV is the most important risk factor for causing cancer cervix , as it change the normal cervical environment and that occur by , there is an area in the cervix called transformation zone and its clear from the name is that area is at risk for changing from normal cervical tissue to an abnormal area , and that exactly what occur , when the virus invade that area, and commonly that invasion occur during adolescence and pregnancy as there is increase in the female estrogen level , which said to be also involves in that problem , what occur is that the virus at that time start to integrated with the cells of these area and causes changing in their DNA content through multiple operation , which ended by changing these cells from healthy cervical cells to dysplastic cells , which consider pre- cancer stage and then these cells change to malignant cells and female start to have what called cervical cancer.
How to avoid HPV ? as it most dangerous risk factor , avoidance is simple and straight forward , as it started by having protected sexual course , also having good hygiene , get away of smoking , and the most important way of prevention is that early screening and follow up of screening as discussed in cancer cervix screening program .
Cervical cancer statistics
Cancer cervix differ according to the country and also according to race as it shown before it is commonly occurs in dark races.
As the united states is the best country in showing its records , according to her records in 2007 shown also by CDC (center for disease control and prevention) , about 12,280 women in the united states having cervical cancer , and about 4,021 of women died from it , and that rate consider to be decrease and that reduction mainly due to women now are aware of cancer screening program , and they go regularly for screen their pap smear and that consider good point.
Also at united states, about 10,800 new cases are diagnosed every year with more cases of dark races and that may be due to lack of screening besides other factors, see above these factors. That study hold by CDC center and it consider an accurate records.Read More